The Cana Rescue Home is situated in Nginyang’ Division which is in East Pokot/Baringo District, Rift Valley – Kenya. East Pokot/Baringo district borders Turkana and Samburu Districts to the north, Laikipia to the East, Nakuru and Koibatek to the south and Keiyo, Marakwet and West Pokot to the west. There are three major ethnic groups in the district, these are:- Pokots, Tugen and Njemps. The Pokot occupy the drier areas of Nginyang’, Koloa and Tangulbei divisions.
Livestock production is a major activity in the district. Generally, the main types of livestock reared are cattle, goats, camels, beekeeping and sheep. Livestock is highly valued particularly by the Pokots as a source of wealth and sign of stature in the society. Some go to the extent of raiding their neighbors for more.
Due to the fact that there are three main communities in the district, the culture of East Pokot/Baringo communities is unique. The Pokots in particular, as compared to other Kenyan communities, still hold on to their culture religiously. One of the practices they hold dear is circumcision as a rite of passage for both boys and girls.
The circumcision season is very important to many fathers, specifically those with teenage daughters because they know they will profit when they sell them off. The indigenous pokot society generally places high value on circumcised women than the uncircumcised. Also, some parents do not see the need for investing in the girls’ education since after all they will be married off shortly after the ceremonies. Daughters are therefore seen as a source of wealth through the bride price paid for by a suitor. In most cases the suitors, are those who will not ‘pay’ for an uncircumcised girl. This is why Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) unlike in most Kenyan communities, is still prevalent in the Pokot community.